The museum was the home of John Fox, Jr., a famous mountain author of many novels and short stories. Most well known are "Trail of the Lonesome Pine" and "The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come". "Trail of the Lonesome Pine" became the nation's first million copy selling novel and was later made into a movie. An outdoor drama based on this novel is staged in the town of Big Stone Gap and has been designated as Virginia's Official Outdoor Drama. Fox, Jr. was not only an author, but he was an avid outdoorsman who served with Teddy Roosevelt as a rough rider. The present museum is the family home that is still filled with original furnishings from the turn of the century. The natural cedar shingled house is rustic in design with large screened porches off both stories.