Your journey begins with an interpretive one-mile hiking loop through Ball’s Bluff Battlefield Regional Park, the site of the second largest battle fought in the county. The October 1861 clash on the bluffs of the Potomac River was a lopsided Confederate victory. Union soldiers pushed into the river floated downriver to Washington, DC, bringing the shocking reality of the war to the public’s attention. The site includes one of the smallest national cemeteries.
Nearby is Historic Morven Park, a 1,000 acre property that was the home of Baltimore’s former mayor, Thomas Swann, Jr. at the time of the Civil War. During the winter of 1861-62, following the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, Confederate soldiers of the 17th Mississippi Infantry built a camp on the property. See the replica log huts that tell the story of the soldiers’ daily lives during their stay on the property.
Stop in Deli South in Leesburg for one of their Civil War themed sandwiches, then head south to continue your tour.
The unassuming Mt. Zion Church served as a rendezvous site for Civil War Confederate Colonel John S. Mosby and his men, as well as a barracks, prison, hospital, and burial ground for Confederate and Union soldiers. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Tour the recently restored 1851 church and cemetery that is the final resting-place of the Federal cavalrymen killed there.
Aldie Mill is Virginia’s only surviving grist mill powered by twin water wheels. The mill provided grain for soldiers and their horses during the Civil War, and Union Soldiers hid in the wheat bins trying to escape from Confederate partisan John Singleton Mosby.
End your day at the Red Fox Inn in Middleburg, the oldest continually operated inn in the United States. During the Civil War it served as both headquarters and hospital for the Confederates. The inn’s service bar, still in use today, was made from an operating table used by an Army field surgeon.
Last Updated: 10/21/2010 1:28 PM