In 1762 Charlottesville was formed and the county seat was moved from its original location near Scottesville. At the northeast corner of Charlottesville a framecourthouse was built, behind which stood a jail, pillory and whipping post. In 1803 the north wing of the present courhouse replaced the earlier building. The town's first taverns, shops and small businesses evolved around Court Square, an area frequented by Jefferson, Madison and Monroe. The Albemarle County Historical Society offers walking tours by appointment for groups of 6 or more (a fee is charged).
McGuffey Art Center, Albemarle County Historical Society, Virginia Discovery Museum, Old Michie Theatre, Live Arts Theater, Charlottesville Ice Park, and unique shopping and dining on the downtown brick pedestrian mall.