Colonial Parkway delivers you from the settlement of 1607 to the decisive 1781 Revolutionary War battle. The York River offers a unique perspective to history.
Start your adventure at Jamestown Island, which is what the New World settlers did in 1607. The Island is formally known as Historic Jamestowne and differs from the state park next door, Jamestown Settlement.
The island languished in tourism limbo for years until the original fort was discovered. To observe the dig, which is in continuous progress, is to watch history being made before your eyes. More than a million artifacts have been recovered over the years, and the best of them are in a nearby award-winning museum called the Archaerium. Find out “who shot JR,” which refers not to Larry Hageman but the Jamestown Recovery project.
After lunch at the quaint Carrot Tree restaurant on Jamestown Road, circle back on the Colonial Parkway and drive a scenic route ten miles to the Visitor Center of Colonial Williamsburg for an afternoon of 1770s history. The Visitor Center provides a concise orientation of the 88-acre Historic Area and an overview movie, The Story of a Patriot, that has become a classic.
Once in town, you’ll be surrounded by “Revolutionary City,” an outdoor theater whose actors explain the period through riveting dialogue, speeches and spontaneous chatter. Ordinary visitors find themselves wrapped up in the exhortations at the Courthouse of 1770 as they rally to protest at the Old Capitol down the street. As they march along, a veritable mob mentality sometimes takes over in opposition to arrogant British rule.
For the evening, dine at any of the taverns of Colonial Williamsburg or fine restaurants at Merchants Square, atop the Historic Area. For lodging, consider any of three exquisite B&Bs: The Cedars, Colonial Gardens, or the Fife & Drum Inn.
Return to Colonial Williamsburg, but for a different purpose. Now that you have a context of what transpired in 1775 and 1776, see the place in all its glory as the Virginia gentry and working people did. Keep in mind that Williamsburg succeeded Jamestown as the capital of the colony because it was at the apex of creeks from the James River and York River. Protection from attack was a constant geographic and water theme.
Explore the public buildings to see how local and colonial government transpired. The Capitol offers compelling stories of trials and political intrigue. The Governor’s Palace recalls how lavishly the royal governors lived. They were so self-important as to require that no buildings mar their view from certain windows. Go into the homes and shops on Duke of Gloucester Street to appreciate from gifted interpreters what it was like to live in such a quaint town. Listen closely to the details of the architecture and how the town was laid out. Walk the many English gardens behind the townhouses to take in the flora and fauna of the era. Observe the priceless portraits and landscapes that occupy the walls. For more of them and equally exquisite furniture, view the vast collection of the DeWitt Wallace Gallery. By soaking in the details, you’ll come away with an awesome appreciation for how people really lived in the run-up to the war that would nearly undo everything.
Drive the other leg of the Colonial Parkway to Yorktown, where by sheer coincidence the Revolutionary War ended. George Washington traveled a similar route with Lafayette and Rochambeau as they set out to trap Lord Cornwallis and his 7,000 troops in 1781 along the York River. The Allies did it by bombarding the British with artillery for nine days and then charging into their redoubts with hand-to-hand combat. But first the Allies prevailed at the Battle of the Capes some 20 miles away.
To get a unique perspective from the water, take the Alliance schooner or the 32-foot private sailboat run by Williamsburg Charter Sails. Find out the derivation of a “hot shot” and how the river played so prominently in history – right to the bitter end.
For lodging after Day 2, consider the Hornsby House Inn or Marl Inn, two prominent B&Bs on the hill at Yorktown. For dining, try the other Carrot Tree on Main Street or Riverwalk Landing restaurant on the waterfront.