Seasons & Climate

Virginia's weather has been described as a "Goldilocks Climate" – not too hot and not too cold – and is officially considered a humid, subtropical region due to winter frost. During the summer, it can get a bit "sticky" due to the abundant water along the East Coast with the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean as well as the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James rivers and their tributaries. But the air is cooler with less humidity in the mountains – on average 10 degrees cooler during all four seasons.

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Whatever the weather may be when you visit Virginia, the long-term climate can be seen in the plants here. The Plant Hardiness Zone Map, which categorizes "plant hardiness" ratings, shows the influence of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The minimum temperature west of the mountains is 5 degrees cooler than east of the mountains. And in the Tidewater region, temperatures are 5 degrees warmer than the Piedmont due to the influence of the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean. Although we have flowering Magnolias, we don't have palm trees like Florida.

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Virginia has five distinct climate regions: the Tidewater, Piedmont, Northern Virginia, Western Mountain and Southwestern Mountain. The different regions welcome Virginia visitors to a wide range of outdoor activities, such as snowskiing in the mountains and playing golf in the valley both in the same day! Golfing, hiking, bicycling and camping are year-around activities in Virginia, and the coastal regions provide plenty of opportunity for year-around water sports.

WEATHER DATA COLLECTED BY THE SOUTHEAST REGIONAL CLIMATE CENTER:

Region January Average Temperature July Average Temperature
Tidewater Climate Region: includes Virginia's Tidewater & Hampton Roads, the southern Chesapeake Bay and Eastern Shore Regions 35-48 (F) 71-85 (F)
Piedmont Climate Region: includes Central Virginia Region 27-47 (F) 68-88 (F)
Northern Virginia Climate Region: includes Northern Virginia and northern Chesapeake Bay Regions 19-42 (F) 61-86 (F)
Western Mountain Climate Region: includes Virginia's Shenandoah Valley Region 27-45 (F) 65-87 (F)
Southwestern Mountain Climate Region: includes Virginia's Southwest Blue Ridge Highlands and Heart of Appalachia 24-44 (F) 60-85 (F)

 

PRECIPITATION BY CLIMATE REGIONS:

Region January Average Precipitation July Average Precipitation Annual Precipitation
Tidewater Climate Region: includes Virginia's Tidewater & Hampton Roads, the southern Chesapeake Bay and Eastern Shore Regions 2.81 inches 4.65 inches 41.32 inches
Piedmont Climate Region: includes Central Virginia Region 3.24 inches 4.96 inches 43.37 inches
Northern Virginia Climate Region: includes Northern Virginia and northern Chesapeake Bay Regions 2.46 inches 3.77 inches 38.29 inches
Western Mountain Climate Region: includes Virginia's Shenandoah Valley Region 3.01 inches 3.78 inches 40.74 inches
Southwestern Mountain Climate Region: includes Virginia's Southwest Blue Ridge Highlands and Heart of Appalachia 4.04 inches 4.73 inches 47.33 inches

Most snowfall occurs in the Western and Southwestern Mountain Climate Regions, which accounts for about 16.7 to 23.2 inches annually.

Typical Fall Foliage Peak Color is October 10-20 in the Southwestern Mountain Climate Region; Oct. 15-25 in the Western Mountain, Northern Virginia and western Piedmont Climate Regions; and Oct. 20-31 for the eastern Piedmont and Tidewater Climate Regions. For more fall foliage information, click here for the Virginia State Climatology Office.

Temperatures

 

Washington, D.C.  

Richmond  

Norfolk  

Lynchburg  

Roanoke  

 
Jan.  

43°

47°

48°

44°

45°

Average Temp.  

2.8"

3.2"

3.7"

3.1"

2.8"

Average Precipitation  
Feb.  

46°

50°

50°

47°

48°

Average Temp.  

2.6"

3.1"

3.3"

2.9"

3.2"

Average Precipitation  
Mar.  

55°

59°

58°

56°

57°

Average Temp.  

3.5"

3.6"

3.9"

3.7"

3.7"

Average Precipitation  
April  

67°

71°

68°

68°

68°

Average Temp.  

2.9"

2.9"

2.9"

2.9"

3.1"

Average Precipitation  
May  

76°

78°

76°

76°

76°

Average Temp.  

3.5"

3.6"

3.8"

3.7"

3.5"

Average Precipitation  
June  

84°

85°

83°

83°

83°

Average Temp.  

3.4"

3.6"

3.5"

3.5"

3.3"

Average Precipitation  
July  

88°

88°

87°

86°

87°

Average Temp.  

3.9"

5.1"

5.2"

3.9"

3.5"

Average Precipitation  
Aug.  

86°

87°

86°

85°

86°

Average Temp.  

4.4"

5.0"

5.3"

3.7"

3.9"

Average Precipitation  
Sept  

80°

81°

80°

79°

79°

Average Temp.  

3.2"

3.5"

3.4"

3.4"

3.5"

Average Precipitation  
Oct  

69°

71°

70°

68°

69°

Average Temp.  

2.9"

4.0"

3.4"

3.4"

3.5"

Average Precipitation  
Nov.  

57°

61°

61°

57°

57°

Average Temp.  

2.8"

3.3"

2.9"

2.9"

2.6"

Average Precipitation  
Dec  

47°

50°

52°

48°

48°

Average Temp.  

3.2"

3.4"

3.2"

3.2"

2.9"

Average Precipitation 

Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

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